Pollinator Shortage Affects the Global Health

Pollinators play a central role in the reproductive propagation of flowering plants. Tiny insects or animals which act as pollinators include honey bees, butterflies, hummingbirds, bats, and ants. Plants yielding nutritionally rich fruits and vegetables are dependent to a large extent on pollinators. Since past 50 years production of staple crops like rice, potato, wheat, … Continue reading “Pollinator Shortage Affects the Global Health”

Pollinators play a central role in the reproductive propagation of flowering plants. Tiny insects or animals which act as pollinators include honey bees, butterflies, hummingbirds, bats, and ants. Plants yielding nutritionally rich fruits and vegetables are dependent to a large extent on pollinators.

Since past 50 years production of staple crops like rice, potato, wheat, yam etc has almost doubled. These crops mainly supply energy to our body and they are mostly wind-pollinated, self-pollinated, or vegetatively propagated. However our diet is incomplete without certain vital nutrients like vitamins and minerals and they are supplied by animal or insect pollinated plants.

According to the recent research conducted by Eilers et al. (2011) majority of oil produced from the plant sources comes from the plants which are animal pollinated [1]. Vital nutrients like vitamin A, C and E come from animal pollinated fruits and vegetables. It has been estimated that approximately 70% of vitamin A and 98% of key nutrients like Carotenoids, lycopene and ß-cryptoxanthinare obtained from plants which yield red, orange and yellow vegetables and fruits. These nutrients help us to fight cardiovascular diseases and cancer and are a source of antioxidants to the body. Plants like beans and dark green leafy vegetables are rich in folic acid which is very essential during pregnancy.

Eilers and his team have noticed a direct correlation between the increases in the yield of these plants with the increase in the number of pollinators [1]. Apart from this the supply of certain vital minerals like calcium and fluorine and iron, increases with an increase in pollination of plants like beans, almonds and nuts.

Human intervention has reduced the number of pollinators to a very large extent. Deforestation over a vast area destroys the habitat and depletes the source of food for pollinators. This automatically reduces their number. Monoculture-based agricultural production that is planting similar crop year after year with a support of chemicals in the form of fertilizers and pesticides not only depletes the soil of its natural fertility but also reduces the number of pollinators. Some other factors which affect the pollinator population include, pesticides, insect and animal diseases and parasites.

A large number of nutrient supplements are available in market. But are they affordable to a common man belonging to the developing country? Moreover the synthesis of these supplements involves huge expenditure. Should we go ahead with the rampant use of chemicals to increase the food production or revert back to traditional eco-friendly farming practices? The choice is left to us.

References

1. Eilers EJ, Kremen C et al. Contribution of pollinator-mediated crops to nutrients in the human food supply. PLoS One. 2011; 6 (6):e21363

NDM-1 – The Newest Global Health Scare

A bacterium that makes an enzyme called NDM-1 is freaking out global health researchers. Apparently this new superbug is capable of resisting one of the World’s most powerful antibiotics – carbapenems. This NDM-1 enzyme producing bacteria can exist inside other infection causing bacteria like E.Coli, making them resistant to antibiotics, possibly all antibiotics. Infections by these NDM-1 infected bacteria could produce infections that are deadly and untreatable. To make matters worse, it is feared that NDM-1 may end up in strains of bacteria that are easily transmitted creating fast moving and deadly international pandemics. So far, isolated cases of NDM-1 infections have been identified in several hospital patients scattered across Great Britain (50 cases) but similar infections are popping up in isolated areas of the U.S., Canada, Holland, Australia. However, in some countries like India and Pakistan it appears to be spreading rapidly and many of the infections identified in Great Britain were in patients who recently had cosmetic surgery in either India or Pakistan. In several cases and of major concern is some of these NDM-1 bacterial infections have spread from hospital patient to hospital patient. While many of the NDM-1 superbug infections detected so far have been treatable with a combination of antibiotics, at least one in Great Britain has resisted all treatment, including treatment with carbapenems, an antibiotic which is normally reserved as a last resort treatment.

NDM-1 infection is just the latest in a growing list of new global health superbug infections like H1N1 (Swine Flu) and SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome). The fear among health scientists is that the NDM-1 could potentially make many, if not all, types of disease causing bacteria resistant to all known antibiotics. Such and unbeatable bacteria would create a global health problem, particularly if the bacteria is one that is easily transmittable. Overuse of antibiotics coupled with the ability of bacteria to mutate and to become resistant to antibiotics will undoubtedly be a major source of concern for world health researchers for years to come. Meanwhile, the only thing you can do to protect yourself is use hand sanitizers, wash your hands frequently, and hold a hand over your face when you cough or sneeze and take vaccines when available.

One bright spot to report is in the development of vaccine patches. Vaccine patches may soon replace sharp needle jabs. Traditional injections by a single needle may soon be replaced by patches with tiny micro needles that you can self apply. The patches will have hundreds of microscopic needles (0.65mm) that are loaded in a skin patch and dissolve into your skin. That’s something to look forward to. Hopefully a vaccine patch to protect us from superbugs like NDM-1 will soon be developed.

These new “Superbugs” like NDM-1 bacteria, E.coli, SARS, Ebola, H1N1, C.diff, West Nile virus and other emerging health threats caused by mutating pathogens are a real threat to global health and are spreading largely as a result of increases in international trade and travel – we should expect more. The international health community is working non-stop to protect us from infections but without effective antibiotics that job will be tough.

A Thorough Breakdown For Global Health Trax Prospects

A lot of people today look with suspicion at any multi-level marketing (MLM) companies that come along, primarily because a lot of people got burned and lost thousands of dollars when they invested in businesses that turn out to be pyramid schemes. This article talks about Global Health Trax, including whether the company is legitimate or not.

The History of Global Health Trax

While some people believe that the organization is an up-and-coming company, this is far from the truth. In fact, it has been more than a decade since it was founded, having been established in 1997 by Mr. Everett P. Hale. Thanks to his degrees in accounting and economics, he came up with the realization that the multilevel marketing industry needed to change, with good products being sold to the clients and a solid compensation plan given to the distributors. With this in mind, he built his company, with him later on being recognized as a leader in the direct sale industry of nutritional supplements.

Today, Mr. Tom Dixon has taken over Mr. Hale in the running of their company, upholding the values that the organization is based on. The company is based in Vista, California. The company is primarily focused in the research, production, and selling of health supplements.

What are the Products of Global Health Trax?

The company dubs itself as the digestive experts, with the majority of their products formulated so as to help in maintaining their digestive systems. Their main products include:

Probiotics. The probiotic products of the company has put them in the international map of health care, with a celebrity endorser even crediting one of their products, Threelac, as helping her son with his autism.

Digestive enzymes. The company also has products to help people in breaking down the food that they eat to put less pressure on their digestive systems.

Fiber. Fiber has been proven to be effective in helping manage the system. As such, the company has created products for adults and for children so that they will be able to enjoy the beneficial effects of dietary fiber.

What is the Compensation Plan of Global Health Trax?

Admittedly, not much is known about how their compensation system actually works. However, those who have worked with the company have said that it essentially works in the same way as other MLM companies, in that they have a commission system for the sales they make and for the number of people they bring into the organization.

As with other MLM companies, the only sure way that you can succeed in making money with Global Health Trax is if you take the time to get yourself educated and trained so that you will have the proper online MLM training skills to sell the products the company offers their clients.